.comment-link {margin-left:.6em;}

Saturday, May 13, 2006



Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Wakf Board on March. 9, 2005 claimed that the Taj Mahal was a religious place of Muslims and demanded it be taken out of control of Archaeological Survey of India and declared a wakf property. Mohd Usman, Chairman of the Board, told reporters here that since the Taj Mahal has the grave of Mughal emperor Shahjahan and a mosque, it is a religious place for the Muslim community and therefore it should be a wakf property and not under ASI. The Board has issued notices to the Central government and the ASI in this connection and says that the Board is planning to take a ex-party decision on March 30, 2005 to register the monument as waqf property if the ASI and Centre government fail to appear before it.
This issue has broght forward the need for abolishing Wakf. The Wakf is the biggest urban landlord in India which the outcome of conquest on India and includes Some 30,000 temples that were turned in to mosques. The institution of Wakf was abolished by the caliph of all Sunni Islam and the Ottoman Emperor in 1917 and thus, there are no Wakfs in Turkey, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Iraq. In 1956, Wakf was abolished in Tunisia. During 19th century an Indian dispute over the Wakf was declared to be invalid by the British judges and they described the Wakf as "a perpetuity of the worst and the most pernicious kind". Yet Jinnah persuaded the Legislative Council in Delhi to pass the Wakfs Act of 1913 and we are suffering its ill effects even now. India is the result of the merger of 565 princely states, at the time of Independence, that owned their respective principalities and Wakf Act on these constituents is an aberration of law.
All these years, the temple issues were treated as a property dispute. With Wakf being brought in the issue of Bhojshala at Dhar, Taj Mahal, and for Ayodhya it may viciate the relations between the communities and 1946 may revisit us. So GOI should take steps to abolish Wakf Act.
Another historic aspect that is not told in our classes is that Taj Mahal was a Vedic Temple and its construction and photographs prove the point. Taj Mahal, is considered as one of the great wonders of the world. It was supposed to have been built as an expression of Shah Jahan’s love for his wife Mumtaz. Yet there is evidence that the Taj Mahal was never built by Shah Jahan and Taj Mahal pre-dates Shah Jahan by several centuries and was originally built as a Hindu temple or palace complex. Shah Jahan merely acquired it from its previous owner, the Hindu King Jai Singh. the photographic evidence that will provide greater insights into this. The point to consider is how much more of India's history has been distorted if the background of such a grand building is so inaccurate.Archaeology Survey of India (ASI) has been researching the evidence that proves the Taj Mahal and many other buildings were not of Muslim origin, and those interested can read "The Question of the Taj Mahal" (Itihas Patrika, vol 5, pp. 98-111, 1985) by P. S. Bhat and A. L. Athavale. It uncovers the reasons for the rumors and assumptions of why it is said that Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal, and presents all the inconsistencies of why that theory doesn't hold up. It also covers such things as the descriptions found in the old Agra court papers on the Taj; descriptions and measurements of the building in the old records; Aurangzeb's letter of the much needed repairs even in 1632 which is unlikely for a new building; records that reveal Shah Jahan acquired marble but was it enough for really building the Taj or merely for inlay work and decorative coverings; the observations of European travelers at the time; the actual age of the Taj; how the architecture is definitely of Indian Hindu orientation and could very well have been designed as a Shiva temple; the issue of the arch and the dome; how the invader Timurlung (1398) took back thousands of prisoner craftsmen to build his capital at Samarkhand and where the dome could have been incorporated into Islamic architecture; how it was not Shah Jahan's religious tolerance that could have been a reason for Hindu elements in the design of the Taj; how the direction of the mosque does not point toward Mecca as most mosques do; the real purpose of the minarets at the Taj; the Hindu symbolism recognized in the Taj which would not have been allowed if it was truly Muslim built; and even as late as 1910 the Encyclopaedia Britannica included the statement by Fergusson that the building was previously a palace before becoming a tomb for Shah Jahan; and more. "An Architect Looks at the Taj Mahal Legend" by Marvin Mills, is a great review of the information available on the Taj Mahal and raises some very interesting questions that make it obvious that the Taj could not have been built the way or during the time that history presents, which makes it more like a fable than accurate history. This suggests a construction date of 1359 AD, about 300 years before Shah Jahan. The True Story of the Taj Mahal. This article by P. N. Oak (from Pune, India) provides an overview of his research and lists his 109 proofs of how the Taj Mahal was a pre-existing Hindu temple palace, built not by Shah Jahan but originally at least 500 years earlier in 1155 AD by Raja Paramardi Dev as a Vedic temple. Mr. P. N. Oak is another who has done much research into this topic, and such a study is hardly complete without considering his findings. The evidence he presents here is a most interesting read, whether you agree with it all or not, or care for some of the anger in his sentiment. Mr. Oak has presented his own conclusions in his books, most notably Taj Mahal--The True Story (ISBN: 0-9611614-4-2). The Letter of Aurangzeb ordering repairs on the old Taj Mahal in the year just before it is said to have been completed. The Badshahnama is the history written by the Emporer's own chronicler. This page shows how Aurangzeb had acquired the Taj from the prevous owner, Jai Singh, grandson of Raja Mansingh, after selcting this site for the burial of Queen Mumtaz. This site http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A5220 gives the BBC's view on the Taj Mahal and briefly explains both sides of the story, that maybe Shah Jahan built the Taj and maybe he didn't.

Comments: Post a Comment

Links to this post:

Create a Link

<< Home

This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?